Where the organ system generates, stores and eradicates urine is known as urinary system or other name for it which is commonly known as renal system. In human body it consists of two ureters, the bladder and the urethra. The difference between male and female urinary system is only of the length of the urethra.
Formation of urine takes place in the kidney by filtration of blood. The urine is then passed through the ureters to the bladder where it is stored. At the time of urination, the urine is conceded from the bladder by urethra to the outside of the body.
In a healthy human being around 2 litre of urine is produced on a daily basis. However, this may differ according to situations like what amount of fluid intake and other things.
Nervous system, endocrine system and blood pressure guide the urinary system.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is a neurohypophysial hormone present in maximum mammals. Its two main functions are to preserve water in the body and to compress blood vessels. Vasopressin regulates the body’s preservation of water by substituting to augment water absorption in the accumulating ducts of the kidney nephron. Vasopressin enhance water rating through which it passes through a membrane or other medium of the kidney’s accumulating duct and distal complex small part by stirring up movement from one place to another of aquaporin-CD water channels in the kidney nephron assembling duct plasma membrane.
The urinary system extracts most of the waste products from the body. Right balance of salt and water in the blood is retained and maintained by the kidney.
Disease Related to Urinary System:
- URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
- PAINFUL BLADDER SYNDROME